The wearing away or removal of material from a surface through friction or rubbing action.
Resistant to wear, rubbing, or scraping caused by friction.
The process of treating a surface with acid to create texture, clean, or prepare it for coating or bonding.
A coloring technique that involves applying acid-based solutions to concrete surfaces to create variegated or mottled color effects.
A decorative technique involving the application of acid-based stains to concrete surfaces to create color variations and a mottled appearance.
A cleaning process that involves using acid to remove dirt, stains, or other contaminants from a surface.
Able to withstand the corrosive effects of acids without damage.
A coating or paint that exhibits resistance to damage or degradation caused by exposure to acids.
Flooring materials or coatings that are resistant to the corrosive effects of acids.
A grout material that is resistant to deterioration or staining caused by exposure to acids or acidic substances.
Tiles or ceramic materials that are resistant to damage or corrosion caused by acids or acidic environments.
The bonding of two surfaces together.
A substance applied to a surface to enhance the adhesion of a subsequent coating or adhesive.
A substance used to bind or join two or more surfaces together by adhesion.
A fastener system that uses adhesive to bond an anchor bolt or rod to a substrate.
Adhesive bond strength
The measure of the force required to separate a bonded joint.
The separation or failure of a bonded joint at the adhesive interface, indicating insufficient adhesion between surfaces.
Substances added to concrete or other materials to modify their properties, such as setting time, workability, or strength.
Inert granular materials, such as sand, gravel, or crushed stone, used in concrete or as a decorative element.
A layer of compacted aggregate material placed beneath a pavement or concrete slab to provide stability, drainage, and support.
The degree to which the aggregate in a concrete surface is visible after grinding or polishing.
The distribution of particle sizes within an aggregate mixture, often specified to achieve optimal compaction and strength in concrete.
The mechanical interlocking between aggregate particles in concrete, providing added strength and stability.
The separation of different-sized particles within an aggregate mixture, resulting in an uneven distribution.
The evaluation and analysis of aggregate samples to assess their quality, properties, and suitability for specific applications.
Small pockets of air trapped within a material, such as epoxy or concrete, during mixing or application.
The intentional introduction of microscopic air bubbles into concrete to improve its resistance to freeze-thaw cycles.
Concrete containing entrained air bubbles for increased durability in freeze-thaw conditions.
A method of applying coatings or paints using high-pressure pumps to atomize the material and create a fine spray without the use of air.
Aliphatic epoxy is a type of epoxy resin that is known for its excellent color retention and UV stability. Unlike aromatic epoxy, which tends to yellow and degrade when exposed to sunlight, aliphatic epoxy resins are designed to resist UV radiation and maintain their clarity and color over time. They are often used in applications where color stability and resistance to outdoor exposure are important, such as decorative coatings, garage floors, outdoor furniture, or automotive finishes. Aliphatic epoxy is a popular choice when a clear or colored epoxy coating is desired and long-term durability is required in exterior or UV-exposed environments.
A type of polyurethane coating or sealant that retains its color and clarity when exposed to sunlight.
A soluble salt or substance with alkaline properties, often present in concrete, masonry, or soils.
The ability of a material or coating to resist damage or degradation caused by exposure to alkalis or alkaline environments.
Able to withstand the corrosive effects of alkalis without damage.
A chemical reaction between alkalis in concrete and reactive forms of silica in aggregate, resulting in expansion and cracking over time.I can help you with adding html syntax to your glossary. Here is the code I generated:
Alkali-silica reaction (ASR)
A chemical reaction between alkalis in concrete and certain reactive forms of silica in aggregate, resulting in expansion and cracking.
An amine refers to a class of organic compounds that are commonly used as curing agents or hardeners for epoxy resins. When an epoxy resin is mixed with an amine curing agent, a chemical reaction known as epoxy curing or cross-linking takes place. This reaction results in the transformation of the liquid epoxy resin into a solid, durable, and thermosetting material.
Amines act as catalysts in this curing process by initiating the polymerization reaction between the epoxy resin and the amine molecules. The amine curing agent typically contains reactive amino groups, which react with the epoxy functional groups in the resin through a chemical reaction called an amine-epoxy reaction. This reaction forms strong covalent bonds, creating a three-dimensional network of interconnected polymer chains.
Amines used as epoxy curing agents can vary in structure and functionality, providing different curing characteristics, pot life (working time), cure time, and final properties to the epoxy system. Some common types of amines used in epoxy formulations include aliphatic amines, cycloaliphatic amines, aromatic amines, and polyamines. The choice of amine curing agent depends on the desired curing properties and the specific application requirements of the epoxy system.
A waxy or greasy film that can develop on the surface of cured epoxy due to the reaction between epoxy and moisture or amine compounds.
A flexible membrane used to prevent or minimize cracking in concrete by absorbing or distributing stresses.
A membrane installed between a substrate and tile or flooring material to prevent cracks from transferring to the surface.
A protective coating or film applied to surfaces to facilitate the easy removal of graffiti or unwanted markings.
Having a surface texture or treatment that reduces the risk of slipping.
Designed to prevent or reduce the buildup or discharge of static electricity.
Flooring materials or coatings that dissipate static electricity to minimize the risk of electrostatic discharge.
The ability of a material or coating to dissipate or prevent the buildup of static electricity, reducing the risk of electrical discharge.
Concrete that is specifically designed and treated to achieve aesthetic qualities, such as color, texture, or pattern.
The technique of using a roller to ensure proper adhesion, smoothness, and uniform coverage of a coating after it has been applied by squeegee, spray, or brush.
A flexible, cylindrical foam material used to fill and seal joints or gaps before applying sealants.
The process of rolling over a freshly applied coating to improve adhesion and smooth out any irregularities.
Resistant to the growth or colonization of bacteria, often achieved through the use of antimicrobial additives or coatings.
A coating or layer applied to a substrate to create a barrier that inhibits the migration of moisture, gases, or contaminants.
The initial or underlying layer of coating applied to a surface, serving as a foundation for subsequent coats or finishes.
The stretching or alignment of molecules in a material in two perpendicular directions, often achieved through a manufacturing process like stretching or heat treatment.
A primer based on bitumen used to enhance adhesion between surfaces and bituminous coatings or adhesives.
The formation of raised bubbles or blisters on the surface of a coating or material, often caused by trapped moisture or air.
A material applied to prevent the bonding of adjacent surfaces. For concrete an example is tape, or release agent used in construction joints. For epoxy and resinous materials common bond breakers are oil, grease, road tars, dirt, and silica dust.
The measure of the force required to break the bond between two adhered surfaces.
A substance applied to enhance the bond between a substrate and a subsequent material, such as concrete or coatings.
A primer designed to promote adhesion between a substrate and a subsequent coating or adhesive.
The ability of a material or coating to allow the passage of moisture vapor or air, enabling moisture to escape from the substrate.
The method of applying a coating or paint using a brush to create an even and uniform film on a surface.
The exterior surfaces, materials, and systems that enclose a building, including walls, roofs, windows, and doors.
Calcium chloride test
A test method used to measure the moisture vapor emission rate of a concrete slab.
The reaction of carbon dioxide with the calcium hydroxide in concrete, leading to the reduction of alkalinity and potential corrosion of embedded steel.
A type of epoxy resin that can be poured or cast into molds to create solid objects or components.
The process of pouring a liquid material, such as concrete, resin, or metal, into a mold or form to create a solid object or component.
A liquid resin system used for casting objects or creating molds.
Construction method where concrete is poured and cured in its final location, as opposed to precast elements that are manufactured elsewhere.
Concrete that is poured and molded on-site, as opposed to precast concrete elements that are manufactured elsewhere and transported to the site.
A flexible sealant used to fill gaps, joints, or cracks, often made of silicone, latex, or polyurethane compounds.
The process of sealing joints or gaps with a flexible material to prevent the passage of air, water, or other substances.
Referring to materials or compounds containing cement, often used in the context of concrete or mortar.
The ability of a material or coating to withstand exposure to various chemicals without significant damage or degradation.
A transparent or translucent protective coating applied over a base coat or substrate to enhance durability, gloss, or aesthetics.
The measured thickness of a coating film, often specified in mils or microns.
Coefficient of friction
A measure of the resistance to sliding or skidding between two surfaces in contact with each other, often used to evaluate slip resistance.
The internal bonding or sticking together of particles or molecules within a material, contributing to its strength and integrity.
Referring to materials or products that can be applied at or near ambient temperatures without the need for heating or additional equipment.
The ability of a material or coating to retain its original color and resist fading or color change over time or when exposed to light, heat, or other environmental factors.
Concrete Adhesive Sprayer
A specialized sprayer for applying adhesive to secure concrete overlays or coatings.
A substance added to concrete during mixing to modify its properties, such as setting time, workability, strength, or durability.
Used to create a broom finish on concrete surfaces for better traction.
A protective or decorative coating applied to the surface of concrete to enhance its appearance, performance, or resistance to staining, abrasion, or chemical attack.
Concrete Core Drill
A drilling machine designed to create precise holes in concrete for plumbing, electrical, or anchoring purposes.
Concrete Curing Blanket
Insulated blankets used to cover freshly poured concrete to maintain proper curing temperature and moisture.
Concrete Dye or Stain Applicator
Brushes or sprayers specifically designed for applying concrete dyes or stains to achieve desired colors or effects.
Concrete Finishing Broom
A wide broom used for creating a textured or broom finish on concrete surfaces.
A large, flat tool used to smooth and level wet concrete surfaces.
Temporary structures or molds used to shape and contain wet concrete during pouring and curing.
Used to smooth and level uneven concrete surfaces or remove existing coatings.
Concrete Grooving Machine
Equipment used to create grooves or channels in concrete surfaces for improved traction or drainage.
Used to create control joints or decorative patterns in concrete.
A machine used to mix large quantities of concrete or mortar efficiently.
Concrete Moisture Barrier
A roll or sheet material applied to prevent moisture from penetrating the concrete substrate.
Concrete Moisture Barrier Roller
A tool with a smooth roller used to apply moisture barriers or epoxy coatings evenly.
Concrete Patching Tools
Various tools, such as trowels or putty knives, used for repairing cracks, holes, or damaged concrete areas.
A power tool equipped with rotating blades used for removing thick coatings, leveling uneven surfaces, or preparing concrete for new applications.
Concrete Power Trowel
A motorized tool used for finishing large concrete surfaces, providing a smooth and polished appearance.
A machine used to transport and pour concrete in large-scale projects or in hard-to-reach areas.
Concrete Pump Sprayer
A combination of a concrete pump and sprayer, commonly used for applying concrete or shotcrete in construction projects.
Concrete Reinforcement Tools
Such as rebar cutters, benders, or tying tools, used for preparing and installing reinforcement in concrete structures.
The process of restoring, patching, or rehabilitating damaged or deteriorated concrete structures or surfaces.
Concrete Resurfacing Machine
Machinery used for applying thin overlays or coatings to rejuvenate worn or damaged concrete surfaces.
Used for cutting through hardened concrete or creating control joints.
A long, straight board used to level and smooth wet concrete.
Concrete Screed Rails
Metal or wooden rails used to guide the concrete screed for leveling and smoothing wet concrete.
A protective coating applied to the surface of concrete to prevent moisture penetration, staining, or damage from chemicals or contaminants.
Concrete Sealer Applicator
A brush or sprayer used to apply concrete sealer for protection and enhancement.
Concrete Slump Cone
A tool used to measure the consistency or workability of fresh concrete.
A specialized tool for spreading and leveling concrete overlays or toppings.
A coloring product or solution applied to concrete to alter or enhance its color, creating a decorative or variegated appearance.
Concrete Stamp Mats
Rubber or polyurethane mats with various patterns used to imprint designs or textures on freshly poured concrete.
Concrete Surface Grinder
A heavy-duty grinding machine used for removing surface imperfections, coatings, or adhesives from cured concrete.
Concrete Test Kit
Various testing equipment, such as moisture meters or pH test kits, used to assess concrete conditions before application.
Concrete Texture Rollers
Used to create textured patterns or designs on fresh concrete surfaces.
A deliberately created joint or groove in concrete to accommodate shrinkage, thermal movement, or prevent uncontrolled cracking.
The ability of a material or coating to resist corrosion or degradation caused by chemical reactions with the environment or exposure to corrosive substances.
The ability of a coating or material to span or bridge over cracks in a substrate without cracking or debonding.
The ability of a coating or membrane to span and accommodate movement in a crack without cracking or delaminating.
A diamond-tipped tool used to widen and clean out cracks in concrete before repair.
The process of widening and cleaning out cracks in concrete before filling or repairing them.
A material used to fill and repair cracks in concrete, typically a flexible sealant or epoxy-based product.
Crack Injection Tools
Including injection ports, dispensing guns, and cartridges, used for injecting epoxy or polyurethane into cracks for repair and reinforcement.
Crack repair epoxy
An epoxy resin system specifically designed for repairing and filling cracks in concrete surfaces.
The development of fissures, fractures, or breaks in a material or coating, often caused by stress, movement, or environmental factors.
The formation of fine, interconnected cracks on the surface of a material, often seen in aging or brittle coatings, glazes, or concrete.
The network of fine cracks that can develop on the surface of cured concrete, often due to shrinkage or drying.
The ability of a material, such as an epoxy or coating, to resist the development of fine cracks or crazing.
The process of allowing a material, such as concrete or coatings, to undergo chemical reactions or physical changes to achieve its desired properties or hardness.
The process of allowing a material, such as concrete or epoxy, to harden and develop its desired properties over time.
A liquid membrane applied to the surface of freshly placed concrete to retain moisture and promote proper curing.
Damp proof membrane
A moisture-resistant barrier installed below concrete slabs or floors to prevent moisture migration from the ground.
The application of materials or systems to prevent the passage of moisture through a substrate, usually in below-grade or moisture-prone areas.
The application of materials or techniques to prevent the passage of moisture through a structure or substrate.
Colored or uniquely shaped aggregate used to create decorative effects in concrete or epoxy surfaces.
Concrete that has been treated, colored, or textured to enhance its aesthetic appeal.
Concrete that is specially treated, textured, or colored to enhance its visual appearance, often used in architectural or aesthetic applications.
Decorative epoxy flooring
Epoxy flooring systems that incorporate decorative elements such as flakes, pigments, or patterns.
Colorful or metallic flakes that are broadcast onto wet epoxy or resin surfaces to create decorative effects.
Flooring systems designed to enhance the aesthetic appeal of a space through color, texture, or patterns.
Quartz particles used as a decorative element in epoxy flooring systems to create a textured or terrazzo-like appearance.
A cleaning agent or solvent used to remove grease, oil, or contaminants from surfaces before coating, painting, or bonding.
A cleaning agent or solvent used to remove grease, oil, or other contaminants from surfaces before coating or bonding.
The separation or detachment of layers or coatings from a substrate, often caused by poor adhesion, moisture, or other factors.
A chemical treatment applied to concrete to increase its density, hardness, and resistance to wear and dusting.
A chemical treatment applied to concrete to increase its surface hardness, density, and resistance to abrasion and dusting.
The use of diamond abrasive tools to mechanically grind and polish concrete surfaces.
The uniform distribution of particles or components within a liquid or solid matrix, often achieved through mixing or blending.
A metal or plastic strip installed along the edge of a roof or surface to direct water away from the underlying structure.
Dry film thickness
The thickness of a coating or paint film after it has dried or cured, often measured in mils or microns.
The period required for a material or coating to dry or cure to a specified level of hardness, tack-free state, or readiness for subsequent applications or use.
A substance added to a coating or paint to accelerate its drying or curing time, often by promoting solvent evaporation or cross-linking reactions.
Ductile iron pipe lining
The application of epoxy or polymer coatings to the interior surface of ductile iron pipes for corrosion protection.
Used to create smooth, rounded edges on concrete slabs or steps.
The white powdery deposit that forms on the surface of concrete or masonry due to the migration of soluble salts.
A chemical cleaner or treatment used to remove efflorescence from concrete or masonry surfaces.
Resistant to the formation or migration of efflorescence, a white powdery deposit that forms on the surface of concrete or masonry due to the presence of soluble salts.
A window designed to serve as an emergency exit from a building or basement in case of fire or other emergencies.
Referring to materials or coatings that exhibit elasticity, flexibility, and the ability to stretch and recover their shape without permanent deformation or damage.
A two-component epoxy-based product used to fill and repair cracks, voids, or imperfections in various substrates.
A two-part epoxy-based grout that offers superior stain resistance, durability, and color consistency compared to cementitious grout.
Epoxy grout float
A specialized tool used for applying and smoothing epoxy grout into tile joints during installation.
A repair technique that involves injecting epoxy resin into cracks in concrete to restore its structural integrity.
Epoxy injection ports
Small plastic or metal devices installed along cracks in concrete to facilitate the injection of epoxy for repair.
A mortar mixture consisting of epoxy resin and selected aggregates, used for patching, repairing, or bonding concrete surfaces.
A low-viscosity epoxy coating applied to a substrate before the application of subsequent layers to enhance adhesion and substrate sealing.
Referring to materials or products that are primarily composed of epoxy resin.
The ability of a material to withstand the erosive effects of water, wind, or other environmental factors.
ESD (electrostatic discharge)
The sudden flow of electricity between two electrically charged objects, potentially damaging electronic components.
A chemical reaction that releases heat to its surroundings during the curing or hardening process.
A measure of the expansion or contraction of a material in response to changes in temperature.
A joint designed to allow for the expansion and contraction of adjacent materials due to temperature variations.
A protective coating or paint designed for application on exterior surfaces exposed to weathering and environmental conditions.
A thin, tapered edge created when applying a thin layer of material to transition smoothly with the surrounding surface.
Similar to a feather edge, it refers to a smooth transition from a thicker to a thinner coating or material edge.
The incorporation of fibers, such as fiberglass or steel, into concrete or other materials to enhance strength and control cracking.
A thin sheet of woven or non-woven fiberglass used as reinforcement in composites, laminates, or repairs.
Strands or fabrics made of glass fibers used to reinforce composite materials or coatings.
A specialized broom with coarse bristles used to create a textured surface finish on fresh concrete.
A flat, rectangular tool with a handle used for smoothing and leveling the surface of freshly placed concrete.
The lowest temperature at which a substance can emit vapor in sufficient quantity to ignite in the presence of an ignition source.
The ability of a material or coating to bend, stretch, or deform without cracking or breaking.
The measure of a material's ability to resist deformation under bending or flexing loads.
Floor leveling compound
A self-leveling compound used to correct or level uneven or irregular concrete or subfloor surfaces.
The process of applying a liquid coating in a continuous flow, allowing it to self-level and form a smooth, even film.
A specialized coating or resin applied to the surface of fiberglass or composite materials to provide a protective and aesthetic layer.
The time it takes for a resin or adhesive to reach a gel-like consistency after mixing the components.
A smooth and reflective surface appearance achieved by using high-gloss coatings or polishing techniques.
A device used to measure and quantify the gloss or shininess of a surface.
Grind and seal
The process of mechanically grinding a concrete surface and applying a clear sealer or coating to enhance its appearance and protect it.
Used to create control joints or decorative patterns in concrete.
A protective sealant applied to grout lines to prevent staining, water penetration, or the growth of mold and mildew.
The process of filling joints or gaps between tiles, stones, or other materials with grout to create a uniform and sealed surface.
Hard trowel finish
A smooth and dense surface finish achieved by using a power trowel on freshly placed concrete.
Substances added to epoxy resins to accelerate or control their curing or hardening process.
A specific type of hardener designed to speed up the curing process of epoxy or other reactive resins.
The resistance of a material to indentation or scratching.
The ability of a material or coating to withstand high temperatures without significant degradation or damage.
Referring to coatings or materials that can be applied in thick layers without sagging or running.
High build epoxy
An epoxy coating or system that can be applied at a relatively high thickness for enhanced protection and durability.
High gloss epoxy
An epoxy coating or finish that creates a highly reflective and glossy surface appearance.
Flooring systems designed to meet demanding performance requirements, such as high durability, chemical resistance, or impact resistance.
Incomplete filling or compaction of concrete during placement, resulting in voids or air pockets within the structure.
A sealant material, often based on bitumen or rubber, that is heated and applied in a liquid state to fill and seal joints or cracks.
A type of road marking or pavement material that is heated and applied in a molten state before solidifying.
Asphalt mixtures produced at elevated temperatures and typically used for road paving and resurfacing.
The chemical reaction between water and cementitious materials in concrete, resulting in the hardening or curing process.
The heat generated during the exothermic reaction between cement and water in concrete.
The series of chemical reactions and physical changes that occur as cementitious materials cure and harden in the presence of water.
The pressure exerted by a fluid, such as water, due to its weight or confinement.
The ability of a material or coating to withstand sudden blows, impacts, or high-velocity projectiles without significant damage.
The measure of the opposition to the flow of electrical current in a circuit or material.
A penetrating sealer that absorbs into porous materials, such as concrete or stone, to provide protection against stains and moisture.
The process of saturating or filling the pores or voids in a material with a liquid or resin for added strength, durability, or protection.
A substance added to a formulation to slow down or prevent a specific chemical reaction or degradation process.
Referring to substances or materials that are derived from minerals or do not contain carbon.
Pigments made from mineral compounds used to add color to coatings, paints, or concrete.
A putty-like material used to fill and smooth joints or seams between drywall panels or other building materials.
A flexible material used to fill and seal joints in concrete to accommodate movement, prevent water infiltration, or reduce noise transmission.
Joint Filler Applicator
Used to apply joint fillers or sealants in control joints or expansion joints.
Joint filler strip
A preformed strip or roll of flexible material, such as foam or rubber, used to fill and seal joints in concrete or other surfaces.
Sand or fine aggregate used to fill the gaps between pavers, bricks, or other masonry units in jointed pavement or hardscapes.
A sealant material applied to joints or gaps to prevent the passage of water, air, or other substances.
A synthetic flooring material composed of multiple layers, typically including a decorative surface layer and a durable wear layer.
Lap shear strength
The shear strength of an adhesive or bonded joint, measured by applying a shearing force parallel to the plane of the joint.
Concrete that incorporates a latex polymer additive to improve workability, adhesion, and flexibility.
A self-leveling compound used to smooth and level uneven or irregular subfloor surfaces before the installation of flooring materials.
A liquid coating or system applied to a surface that cures to form a waterproof or protective membrane.
Roofing systems that involve the application of liquid materials, such as coatings or membranes, to create a watertight barrier.
Referring to liquids or coatings that have a low resistance to flow and are relatively thin or runny.
An additive used to reduce or eliminate the gloss or shine of a coating, creating a matte or satin finish.
Such as measuring cups or graduated containers, used for accurate measurement of epoxy resin and hardener ratios.
Methyl methacrylate (MMA)
A reactive resin commonly used in high-performance coatings, adhesives, or as a repair material.
Fine cracks or fissures that develop within a material, such as concrete or coatings, due to internal stresses or movements.
A thin layer of polymer-modified material applied over existing concrete to create a new, decorative, and durable surface.
A sturdy container or bucket used for mixing epoxy resin or concrete materials.
Used to mix epoxy resin or concrete materials thoroughly.
The proportion of different components, such as resins and hardeners, required to properly mix a material or formulation.
A material or system designed to prevent the passage of moisture vapor through a substrate or building envelope.
Moisture Barrier Tape
Used to seal joints and seams in moisture barriers to prevent moisture migration.
A device used to measure the moisture content of materials, such as wood, concrete, or flooring, to assess their suitability for certain applications.
Moisture vapor transmission
The movement of water vapor through a material or substrate, typically measured in grams per square meter over a specified time.
A mixture of cement, sand, and water used as a bonding agent or adhesive for masonry, tile installation, or other construction applications.
A cleaning product or agent that is gentle and does not contain abrasive particles that can scratch or damage surfaces.
Referring to coatings or materials that do not sag or slump when applied vertically or overhead.
Referring to surfaces or coatings that provide traction or resistance against slipping or skidding.
Particles or aggregates added to coatings, sealers, or paints to improve traction and create a non-skid or anti-slip surface.
Referring to materials or coatings that are resistant to yellowing or discoloration when exposed to UV light or aging.
Specifically designed for spreading adhesive or leveling compounds on concrete surfaces.
The degree to which a material or coating obscures or blocks the transmission of light.
The duration during which a material or adhesive remains workable or allows for bonding before it starts to cure or harden.
A surface texture or appearance resembling the texture of an orange peel, typically seen in certain coatings or painted surfaces.
The process of applying a new coat or layer over an existing coating or substrate to provide additional protection or aesthetics.
Referring to the application of coatings or materials on surfaces above ground level, such as ceilings or overhead structures.
The method of applying coatings or materials using spraying equipment on overhead or elevated surfaces.
A layer of new material applied over an existing surface to improve its appearance, durability, or performance.
The force required to separate two bonded surfaces in a peeling or stripping motion.
A sealer that penetrates into the pores of a substrate, such as concrete or stone, to provide protection against moisture, staining, or chemical attack.
A test method to assess the hardness or resistance of a material, such as concrete, by measuring the depth of penetration of a specified indenter.
The property of a material that allows the passage of fluids, gases, or vapor through its pores or structure.
A porous type of concrete that allows water to pass through, promoting infiltration and reducing stormwater runoff.
Finely ground particles or powders added to coatings, paints, or materials to provide color or opacity.
Small voids or air bubbles that appear as tiny holes on the surface of a coating or material.
The act of inserting nails or pins into a coating or material to hold it in place during curing or drying.
The passage of pipes or conduits through a barrier or structure, requiring sealing or waterproofing to prevent water or air leakage.
A process of mechanically grinding, honing, and polishing a concrete surface to achieve a smooth and reflective finish.
A type of polyurethane coating or topcoat known for its fast curing time, high abrasion resistance, and UV stability.
A coating system based on polyaspartic technology, offering rapid curing, durability, and chemical resistance.
A type of concrete that incorporates polymers, such as epoxy or polyester resins, to improve its strength, durability, or chemical resistance.
Referring to materials or substances composed of polymers, which are large molecules made up of repeating subunits.
A mortar mixture that includes polymer additives to enhance its properties, such as adhesion, flexibility, or resistance to cracking.
The period of time during which a mixed material, such as a two-component epoxy, remains workable or usable after mixing.
Potable water coating
A coating or lining system approved for contact with potable (drinkable) water, typically used in tanks, pipes, or water storage facilities.
A resin-based material used to encapsulate or protect electronic components or devices in an enclosed space or potting box.
Used to clean concrete surfaces before application by removing dirt, grease, or loose materials.
The process of spreading and leveling a liquid coating or material by pouring or rolling it onto a surface.
Used for scraping off excess epoxy or concrete materials.
An epoxy resin system designed to cure or harden rapidly, reducing the waiting or drying time required.
Radiant floor heating
A system that uses heated pipes or electrically heated elements embedded in the floor to provide heating to indoor spaces.
Referring to materials or systems that cure or harden quickly, allowing for faster completion of projects or applications.
Reinforcement bars made of steel or other materials used to strengthen and reinforce concrete structures or elements.
The distance between parallel rebar or reinforcement bars in concrete, determined by design requirements and structural considerations.
The ability of a surface or material to reflect light or other electromagnetic radiation.
A coating or paint that has high reflectivity, often used to increase visibility or reduce heat absorption on surfaces.
Reflective roof coating
A specialized coating applied to roofs to reflect sunlight, reduce heat absorption, and improve energy efficiency.
A material used for patching, repairing, or filling voids, cracks, or damaged areas in various substrates or surfaces.
A mortar mixture specifically formulated for repairing, resurfacing, or restoring damaged concrete or masonry structures.
A solid or semi-solid organic substance that is typically transparent or translucent and often used as a binder in coatings or adhesives.
Flooring systems based on epoxy or other resin materials, known for their durability, chemical resistance, and aesthetic options.
Used to apply epoxy coatings or to remove air bubbles from the surface.
The process of applying sand or aggregate to a freshly applied coating or resin to create a textured or non-slip surface.
The process of smoothing or refining a surface by rubbing it with sandpaper or abrasive materials.
The mechanical process of removing or roughening a surface, often by using a machine with rotating cutters or blades.
A thin layer of protective material, such as a sealant or coating, applied to a surface to improve its durability or appearance.
A sealed joint or gap between two surfaces, typically filled with a flexible sealant or caulking material.
A material used to fill and seal gaps, joints, or cracks to prevent the passage of air, water, or other substances.
A highly flowable type of concrete that does not require mechanical vibration for proper compaction.
The ability of a material or coating to repair or regenerate small cracks or damage through natural processes.
Referring to materials or coatings that have the ability to flow and level themselves to create a smooth, even surface without additional tools or manipulation.
Equipment that propels abrasive materials onto concrete surfaces to remove coatings, prepare surfaces for new applications, or create a textured finish.
The process of propelling small metal or abrasive particles at a high speed onto a surface to clean, roughen, or prepare it for coating or bonding.
The reduction in size or volume of a material or coating due to drying, curing, or cooling.
Cracks that occur in a material, such as concrete or coatings, due to the shrinkage or contraction of the material as it cures or dries.
Fine particles of crystalline silica that can become airborne during cutting, grinding, or other activities involving silica-containing materials.
The ability of a surface or coating to resist sliding or skidding, often measured by coefficients of friction or slip resistance tests.
Referring to surfaces or coatings that provide enhanced traction or grip to reduce the risk of slipping or falling.
Particles or aggregates added to coatings, sealers, or paints to improve their skid resistance or anti-slip properties.
The ability of a coating or material to withstand exposure to solvents without softening, swelling, or dissolving.
Referring to coatings, adhesives, or materials that use organic solvents as a carrier or medium for the active ingredients.
The detachment or breaking away of small fragments or chips from a surface, often caused by impact, freeze-thaw cycles, or other factors.
The process of repairing or restoring a surface damaged by spalling, often involving patching, resurfacing, or protective coatings.
A tool with spiked rollers used to remove trapped air bubbles from epoxy coatings or self-leveling compounds.
Used to spread and distribute epoxy coatings evenly.
The ability of a material or coating to resist staining or discoloration caused by spills, chemicals, or other substances.
Decorative concrete that is textured or imprinted with patterns, designs, or textures to resemble natural materials like stone, brick, or wood.
Referring to materials or surfaces that allow the controlled dissipation of static electricity, reducing the risk of electrostatic discharge.
Static dissipative flooring
Flooring materials or systems designed to minimize the buildup or discharge of static electricity in sensitive environments.
A heavy-duty grinding machine used for removing surface imperfections, coatings, or adhesives from cured concrete.
The process of cleaning, profiling, or treating a surface to remove contaminants, improve adhesion, or create the desired surface condition.
The roughness or texture of a surface, often measured in terms of peak-to-valley height or surface roughness average (SRA).
A thin layer of adhesive or bitumen applied to a surface to improve the bond between the surface and subsequent layers or materials.
The time required for a material or adhesive to cure or harden to a state where it is no longer sticky or tacky to the touch.
Tensile bond strength
The measure of the force required to pull apart or separate a bonded joint in a direction perpendicular to the surface.
The maximum stress or force a material can withstand before breaking or failing under tension.
A specialized roller tool with a textured pattern used to create decorative or textured finishes on fresh concrete or coatings.
A spraying device or tool used to apply textured coatings, finishes, or materials onto surfaces to create texture or patterns.
A coating or paint that forms a relatively thin, uniform film on a substrate, typically measured in mils or microns.
A cementitious adhesive or mortar used for bonding tiles, stones, or other materials to a substrate.
A membrane or coating designed to withstand the traffic and loads associated with pedestrian or vehicular use.
A flat-bladed tool used for spreading and smoothing epoxy or concrete.
Referring to materials or compounds that are suitable for application using a trowel, typically in thicker or paste-like consistency.
A high-performance flooring system based on urethane technology, known for its durability, chemical resistance, and thermal shock resistance.
A type of foam material made from polyurethane, used for insulation, cushioning, or filling voids.
The ability of a material or coating to resist degradation, fading, or damage caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
A material or system designed to prevent the transmission of moisture vapor through a structure or substrate.
The measure of a liquid's resistance to flow, often characterized as the thickness or stickiness of the material.
An empty space or cavity within a material or structure, often undesired and requiring filling or repair.
The process of making a structure or material impervious to water, preventing its passage or penetration.
Wet film thickness
The thickness of a coating or paint film immediately after application, before it dries or cures.
An additive or surfactant used to reduce the surface tension of a liquid, enhancing its ability to spread or adhere to a substrate.
The force exerted by wind on structures or surfaces, often considered in design and construction to ensure stability and safety.
The ease and ability of a material, such as concrete or mortar, to be mixed, placed, shaped, or finished.
A textured or wrinkled surface finish created by the deliberate application of coatings or paints with wrinkling properties.
The ability of a material or coating to resist or minimize the yellowing or discoloration that can occur over time.Back to top